Western Builders

Round logs at present is probably the most widely popular material for construction of wooden houses. Manufacturing technology of this kind of timber was taken from Western Builders. Cylindering, in essence, means giving a log of the same diameter throughout its length. And now the construction of wooden houses of this material is conquering the market as well as saving time and facilities for by eliminating some labor-intensive operations. There are two basic methods cylindering. In the first method a log mill on the four sides along the grain, the second – also a mill, but across the fiber. Timber treated by the first method, provides a complex profile of round logs, and surface quality is much higher.

In addition, a complex profile leads to the walls of the house almost impervious to wind, because it provides a snug fit logs together, it’s hard to do stuff with a simple cylindrical shape. Once the carpenters set with only log axes, and when it started implementing various kinds of saws, they often refuse to work them. But this was not the result of inertia of thinking, this is the centuries-old experience in rejecting such an innovation. The ax blade, hitting a tree crushes chopped wood fibers as it clogging pores, while drinking razlohmachivaet fibers. This little historical digression indirectly helps to understand the advantage of the first method and, therefore, lacks second. In processing the logs by the first method is less damaged wood cutter, so this round logs valued higher. Round logs produced on the machines of two types – pivot and broaching.

Both type equipped with rotating cutting heads. The name of the second type of machines speak for themselves: the log is pulled through the head, which rotates, but remains stationary relative to the machine. This treatment log acquires a cylindrical shape, but retains the original curvature. Central machine is different from broaching the fact that the beam remains stationary, and the head, rotating, moving along it. Thus there is a sample curvature, and beam acquires an almost perfect form. What are the advantages and disadvantages of these two modes of production? Make another excursion into the past few days. In ancient times, the logs into planks They gave forth not by the drink, but with using pegs. Hack log in nadrub inserted a peg on which the mallet hit, and then inserted into the next … and so on. Thus, it dismissed the log along the grain. Do not be surprised by this retreat, then you will understand what is at stake. Round logs, resulting in the machine tool with a long, has a smaller damage wood, because the cutting edge is almost exactly parallel to the grain – almost as well as in the dissolution of the logs on the old technology. But when building a house residual curvature creates considerable difficulties – is harder to fit the log right next to another. Timber, rounded to the central machine, receives more damage, as cutting in some places it is at an angle to the direction of the natural wood fibers. But when building a house of such logs are clearly seen its benefits – it practically does not need to fit that allows you to put more dense and solid wall of the building.

Federal Reserve System

The choice of methods and tools of monetary policy should be the prerogative of the central bank, ie Unlike the strategic and intermediate goals monetary policy from the tactical need to be in the fact that implements tactical objectives is the central bank of the state. For example, consider the practice of monetary management in the U.S.. Federal Reserve System determines the following basic objectives of monetary policy: – maximum employment – price stability – abstinent long-term interest rates. Each of these goals is very important for society, but because the power structures set the task to realize their fullest extent. But using only monetary policy simultaneously achieve all the goals impossible. Therefore, given the considerable experience in the U.S.

in the field of monetary management, consider the named targets in more detail. The maximum level of employment is desirable, but what the boundary of this level? At what level we can say that the economy operates under full employment? Can we consider this phenomenon, provided that the unemployment rate is zero? Unequivocal answer to these questions is very difficult to give. The purpose of the high level of employment should be the level of unemployment, which more than zero but equal to a job offer and meets the employment in which job demand is equal to the job offer. Such a level in economic circles is called the natural rate of unemployment. Economic growth is very closely linked to ensure a high level of employment, as companies invest more heavily in investment to increase productivity.

Federal Systems

Now users of the Alpha-clique “can pay more than 1500 companies, who mostly work in large cities such as Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Omsk, and others, but we plan to increase the number of payees. Our clients have already begun to actively exploit new opportunities, evaluate, and an extensive list of suppliers, and convenience the use of “Alpha clique”. Valery Nikolaev, Commercial Director of Federal Systems “City”: “The significant expansion of the range of service providers, primarily in the residential sector, allows us not only to provide growth the number of users of Internet banking, but also increase the activity of registered customers. Payers, pay for services remotely, also get a lot of advantages. Internet bank provides a comfortable, safe, quickly and economically to pay for the services of a large number of service providers at the federal, regional, local level – at any time, any place where there is Internet connection and a computer. I am sure that cooperation of the Federal System “City” and “Alpha clique” will be a long and fruitful, aimed at providing users with the most modern banking services.

” Alfa-Bank was founded in 1990. Alfa-Bank is a universal bank performing all the main types of banking transactions in the market of financial services, including private and corporate clients, investment banking, trade finance and asset management. Banking group “Alfa Bank is Russia’s largest private bank by total assets, total capital and size of deposits. As on September 1, 2010 the client base of Alfa-Bank was about 39 thousand corporate customers and 4.3 million individuals. In Moscow, Russian regions and abroad, opened 331 office and branch office, including the subsidiary bank in the Netherlands and financial subsidiaries in the U.S. and the UK. Federal System of the City (FSH) – a unified system for collecting and processing payments from individuals.

FSH technology developed by the Centre of Financial Technologies (www.cft.ru). System “City” has entered the market in 1999, in 2006 acquired a federal status. Today, using the technology of the Federal System of the City in 79 regions of Russia with more than 500 banks, 15 000 service providers, 20,000 points of payment in which shall receive payments as a way to cash on hand and self-service terminals and non-cash: ATMs and Internet banking. Official website of the System on the Internet:,.