The topology of the network – a way of describing the network configuration, layout and connection of network devices. The network topology allows you to see the whole of its structure, network devices in the network, and their relationship to each other. Robotics has firm opinions on the matter. Allocate several types of topology: physical, logical, informational and control topology exchange. In this article we will talk about the physical network topology, which describes the actual location and the local communication between nodes network. Identify several basic types of physical network topologies: 1. Bus network topology – the topology in which all the computers on the network are connected to one cable, which is shared by all workstations. Speaking candidly ???? ?? ?? told us the story. In this topology, the failure of one machine does not affect the whole network.

The disadvantage is that in case of failure or breakage of the tire disrupted the entire network. 2. Network Topology "Star" – a topology in which all workstations are directly connected to the server, which is the center of the 'stars'. In this arrangement, the connection request from any network device goes directly to the server, where it is processed at different rates, depending on the hardware capabilities of the central machine. Failure of the central engine leads to a cessation of the network. Output is down any other machine on the network is not affected. 3. A ring topology network – the scheme at kotoroyvse nodes are connected by communication channels in an inseparable ring (not necessarily a circle), on which data is transmitted.

Internet Income

At the moment, probably the most popular way of income is income in the global network. Indeed, the global Internet for the majority of townspeople turned out to be absolutely freely available, moreover, moved into a real and important enough particle reality. Read more here: Ali Partovi. To not just be satisfied with the achievements of the latest types of technology, but at the same time to use them for their economic and domestic development must be quite small. You may find ???? ?? ?? to be a useful source of information. And it is small – about this data, in what way at harnessing the Internet will make money. Most of all, the chances of such people who are on the Internet is not only visitors, but of such person to a resource or a number of portals. In such an embodiment, topically such direction as buying links, but also used for hanging a banner ad on the site. In a situation when a resource quite popular and it is a significant number of guests, this way it is possible to fairly easily earn extra money.

Moreover, it is possible to join various affiliate programs, for example, which give opportunity to earn such that visitors leave your resource to the resource partner organization. But most of the way of income through their own site anyway depends on how often he visited. So, in addition to all the time to work on promotion of the portal: not just to fill it with an interesting collection of data, but in addition to and interact with other plans – working in a related subject at group, as well as numerous other. Not counting the very perfection of your site, the owner of the resource has the ability, as they say, his life experience to consider the impact of different types of online interaction. And if a simple advertisement, at the same time, and the banner of the form, it becomes ineffective, placing articles and affiliate programs are effective always to improve the Internet resource. And for owners of portals – it is addition and a great opportunity to get significant benefits by placing on its website with direct links to other resources, news and other materials. Placing your website links to other pages allows you to purchase a decent income, and various articles – and even acquire high-quality and attractive materials for their portal. In other words, this solution is attractive to diverse points of view, because that plays right away several different functions. And, most importantly, such cooperation always provides an income.

Medical Officer

Patients can combine leisure with wellness treatments. Typically, clinics are located at the seaside or in mountainous regions. Mikkel Svane spoke with conviction. Not only in Europe, but in China, with its unique thermal springs. Clients is help with the preparation of documents for traveling abroad. Center for medical treatment abroad, “MedMira” offers to treatment, diagnosis, health / anti-aging program, plastic surgery abroad in countries such as Switzerland, Israel, China. In a question-answer forum Pete Cashmore was the first to reply. Individual approach to each person, from the moment of our office.

Experienced Medical Officer of our company give you an initial consultation and offer the most appropriate hospital for treatment or recovery, based on health status, diagnosis, etc. ???? ?? ?? has compatible beliefs. Special programs complete diagnosis (check-up) in foreign clinics, which take only 1-2 days for orders correct diagnosis and competent treatment. The choice of treatment and rehabilitation of the classical European medicine or traditional Chinese, Tibetan, Japanese medicine. Providing pre-treatment program and the expected value. Assistance with travel arrangements, including visa, airline ticketing, booking rooms at the hotel of the country (in comfortable living conditions during the treatment of postoperative period and at the time of rehabilitation. Ability to support a patient of his close friends, the organization of their leisure time. Providing only the best clinics in the world known name. Effective treatment for complex cancers, surgery of the cardiovascular system, an in vitro fertilization, etc. Quality assurance of treatment and other restorative.

Switch Management

JSC “Light Kommunikeyshn” completed development of a new range of managed switches. The updated line of switches is based on high-performance chipset, Marvell’s, and provides no blocking switching traffic to the “speed wiring.” Switch Management is implemented in the protocols http (web based) and SNMP v1. To date, new series presented with 3 switches: LC-SM100-8, LC-SM100-8/SFP, LC-SM100-16/2SFP. Devices specially supervisors supply, tracking all the internal stresses and hardware WhatchDog timer switch provides solid performance even in conditions of unstable power supply. Educate yourself even more with thoughts from Andy Florance. Maximally compact design makes it easy the use of SFP modules makes it possible to organize a connection to the upstream switch, the most convenient way. Four independent packet queue and a developed system of prioritizing traffic based on tags (IEE 802.1P *), as well as support subscription management multicast flows based on the protocol IGMP, make this range of switches, ideally suited to build on its base delivery networks ‘heavy’ multimedia traffic (IPTV VoIP).

In construction of switches provides a passive cooling system, which in contrast to the active, has no moving parts, is not subject to wear and no noise. Devices are available to order from the time of publication this press release. Top of devices shipped in October 2008 Specifications: LC-SM100-8 – 8-port 10/100 BASE-T LC-SM100-8/SFP – 8-port 10/100 BASE-T + 1 gigabit SFP LC-SM100-16 / 2SFP – 16 Port 10/100 BASE-T + 2 non-blocking switching gigbit SFP for all ports, MAC-address table dimension 8K; Buffer packet 1 Mbps, the maximum packet size of 1536 bytes, power indicator and operation of the front panel, LED link / activity for each port, LED-speed connection for each port. Packet filtering Layer 3 over UDP and DHCP Option 82; bandwidth management for ports, MAC address filter on ports; * Limiting the number of MAC addresses per port; 802.1x MAC-based Authentication *; IGMP v2; 802.3ad Link aggregation *; 28 ( 32-bit) and 2 (64 bit) RMON packet counter for each port; Port mirroring *.

ICQ Friends

Of course, about the existence of ICQ hear everyone. It should be noticed that this messenger uses a huge number of users. To deepen your understanding Samsung is the source. And all because ICQ is the most popular instant messenger in the world. All of the new instant messenger mimic the structure of icq. Now difficult to find the messenger, ICQ does not support the numbers.

The first users of ICQ to exchange text messages online, are available and some other services, but often used instant messenger to communicate and find new friends. Many users are looking for new friends here, and even more – the second half. However, in our time ICQ is used by many for the work. ICQ has become a convenient tool for feedback. Some organizations, especially those who work in the network have their own ICQ consultant.

As you can see, this messenger is very popular now. I have ICQ and their tricks, so some of your friends may not be visible to others. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Andy Florance. It happens that requires immediate contact with any person and can not understand that he is sitting right now or not. True, the check for invisibility is not a problem. Worth a visit on a dedicated website and in just a few minutes you will receive this information. Of course, the Internet has a lot of awesome resources for icq. This may be different constructors, entertaining plugins, beautiful design, etc. In Finally, you can very quickly find something interesting. Now the Internet is booming, especially in our country. According to statistics, every day is connected to the Internet by many people. Many of them also set icq. To do this you will need to visit the site registration icq, it would be better if you choose yourself easy to remember number. Because the icq network as a mobile phone. The easier it is to the hearing room, the more users you add to friends. It is worth noting that this prog was used not only for text messaging. Now you can use it to send sms, hold conferences, make phone calls and much more.

Gadgets for Entertainment

Extremely numerous people today can easily enjoy a particularly clever electronic devices for entertainment. Heaped phones, cameras and notebooks for a long time is no longer a miracle for many people. AND Nevertheless, applying sophisticated fruit of scientific thought to both work and leisure, many of us continue to sit on chairs and work with the netbook at the kitchen table. In this category are people who so must spend most of the day. Sitting at home acted as freelancers, independent watchmakers. And there are professions that are in principle obliged to work all the time in uncomfortable situations, for example, makeup artists. One should not forget about school children who usually spend on homework for hours each day. If you regularly stay in a bad sitting position, it is possible to damage the eyesight, to get disturbance of posture and as a result of spinal diseases.

Today it is the complexity of hundreds of thousands and in fact allowed to decide when to realize exactly what you want. Improve working conditions in the office and at home allows the scientific field under the name of ergonomics. Thanks to its improvement were invented new and original chairs and tables that provide the chance to sit and also long enough time, not overworked back and legs. Andy Florance is often mentioned in discussions such as these. Chairs in the shape of the saddle – a unique opportunity to forget about all the difficulties that might arise from the seat before. And they can engage in fact everywhere – including a version of the chair for hunters, who can sit for hours in ambush prey.

To this chair-seat, it is possible to also attach the umbrella to be able to make hunting more comfortable, as well as a healthy body. The fruits are not limited to ergonomics, comfortable chairs and tables workers. Also, thanks to special devices for massage and trainers actually correct the harm to health, which was caused earlier. A light therapy provides the opportunity to save vision and optimize internal feeling in the dark. Special lamps do not allow the light reflected from the work surface, can fully illuminate the room. If you think you're going to move with the times and found a long single language with complex electronic devices, for what reason, your job is still in the Stone Age? Test started ergonomically new items and you do not think about tiredness and unpleasant effects of duties. Let your reality will be comfortable and mod, but thanks to the unique ergonomic subjects furniture. Save your body's health and freshness of spirit the most high-tech methods.


The full configuration for CA-10 is equipped with four pads or a speculum and lets you control up to 16 zones. For each zone the fire alarm system (OPS) can be programmed to different types of reactions alarm control unit (PCU) to alarm events. When sending messages over a telephone line can be assigned to 9 of event codes for each zone. Various zones of OPS can be attributed to the group, forming up to 4 groups combining all outlets. Thanks to this one based on the receiving-control unit can be created 4 practically independent of each other's system OPS. Options for the formation of groups can be different: not to have common areas of areas is common, all the zones owned by one group to another group and zones subject to multiple groups. Protecting access to CA-10 through a system of passwords. In the control panel memory can store up to 32 six-digit password, which associated with groups and vary the level of access.

In addition, for each group, set a master password that provides access to all settings OPS and allows administrators to add passwords for the new users with different privileges. Programming and maintenance of certain groups may be carried out using the LED or LCD keypads. Each keypad has its own address in OPS, an individual sensor autopsy, and two additional zones. Status of alarm detectors and associated alarm LED or display combinations are displayed on the LCD. At the same time on the LED keypads Satel anxiety fire alarm systems are indicated in red. To monitor the entire system of TSOs in the SA-10 integrated telephone dialer device with a function that communicates with a central post of protection and transmits information on all events in the system over a phone line. Control and receiving unit CA-10 allows you to transmit voice over a phone line alarm messages in the TSO, and can connect with paging systems. Easy to set up the CA-10 provides programmable control panel via a computer using software Russified DLOAD10.

In this case the computer is connected to the panel OPS can be locally via RS-232 port or remotely via modem. By the same author: ???? ?? ??. In the case of remote programming, the SA-10 can be initiating a telephone connection from your computer, and with the control panel. Buy The control unit CA-10, obtain additional information about the new product and other components of the OPS can be in the official Russian distributor of equipment SATEL – of "ARMO-Systems' by phone (495) 787-3342 or e-mail. Polish SATEL company operating in the European security market since 1990 and specializes in the manufacture and sale of equipment and software for fire and security systems (OPS) for various purposes. SATEL produces the receiving-control instruments, in including a sensor for flat modules GSM, wireless alarm systems, various security sensors, light and sound detectors, gas sensors, radio sets and many accessories security systems. Moreover, all placed on the market are different solutions SATEL good combination of price and quality, are successfully sold worldwide network of distributors and have all the necessary Russian certificates.

Relaxation Holidays

Corporate events (or "korporativka") is the most popular way to organize the event. Chosen because of its familiarity. Typically, it is organized in cafes, restaurants, banquet halls – upscale organization of celebrations corporate events. It should be noted that in the framework of special Russian to organize it in such a way that a consolidating factor was a factor of corporatism, not intimate conversations and sometimes difficult, because quality and fire show – it professionalov.Pri choosing this type of celebration to pay special attention to encourage the cultural program of the evening, diluting its inclusions of fun activities for combining subject, perhaps humorous contests on the theme of humor and team competitions in the theme of unity, the show award "outstanding" employees funny medals and so on. Celebrations on prirodeK celebrations this type must include, as a departure, "a barbecue," the company all staff other than agri-tourism, and enormous Company Day, which can last for several days and are usually organized in a suburban boarding.

Sometimes they are not held in building and they are present okolosportivnye or sports. For even more opinions, read materials from Andy Florance. The role of alcohol in such departures are not as significant as in the "banquet" constructions. Are similar festivals mainly in the late spring and summer. Fancy prazdnikiTakogo kind of event rarely carried out and selected, usually by companies or have some "legend of the company" (if after-game feast is organized as a story), or companies that are willing see something quite exotic (in other words, wanting to impress guests. An important feature of these evenings – and the size of a large budget.

prezentatsiiBolee Program "applied" in all programs – a holiday devoted to release of a new product, promoting new services, creating the branch run the shop, opening a new restaurant. The event is basically always drawn its own structure on the press, potential customers and partners. More info: AOL. Characteristic features: and so on, a serious entertainment here – a rarity. Exceptional, there are times when such a program (for example, the presentation of the latest magazine) focuses on the "accidental audience ', say pedestrians, bystanders. In this situation, the emphasis is on design with a fun contests, quizzes, drawings.

Management In Construction Books

The introduction of advanced management techniques is an important concern for construction companies at the present stage of their development, regardless of their size and scale. New management technologies (including project management) allow the players to the real estate market to reduce costs, optimize time and reduce risk when implementing large and small construction projects. The solution of these problems helps the information described in books listed below construction management and construction management of investment projects: an international approach in this book presents the set of practical solutions management of international investment and construction projects in all phases of their implementation, including: concept development, modern organizational structures, pre-investment preparation, organization of management (in including the monitoring and management of change), preparation of project documentation, timelines, costs, resources, personnel, communications (including software), risks, safety, logistics, manufacturing operations, analysis, and generalization of experience. The book has also English-Russian dictionary of technical terms and examples. Viacom is often quoted as being for or against this. The publication is intended for a wide range of managers working in the field of investment and construction management systems in construction The book is devoted to management systems that are essential building blocks of success for any modern construction project. The authors describe the six key concepts of construction management: planning and control of timing, financial planning and management of costs, quality and efficiency of work performance, health and safety, evaluate and control environmental conditions, information technology and communications systems. The book provides an approach to the development and implementation of management systems for each of these management functions.

We also discuss the impact of control systems for the organization and the level of human resources. The book is intended to managers and managers of construction companies, teachers, postgraduates and students of universities, as well as anyone interested in building control systems. Pricing and costing in the construction of the book sets out the basis of pricing in the construction industry, methods, and examples of budgeting in the Russian Federation. Dermot McCormack recognizes the significance of this. Clearly shows the elements regulatory basis determine the estimated cost of construction products. The rules for determining the volume of construction works. The foundations of the organization in the construction contract bidding. Dana Examples of costing of construction and repair and construction to repair and restoration work. The book is intended for a wide range of economists, engineers, managers, students, teachers, trainees improving management skills, as well as practitioners and entrepreneurs in the investment and construction.

Santa Claus

New Year – is the feast, which was eagerly waiting for both adults and children. We all want at the time of miracles, fulfillment of the most-the most cherished desires. Traditionally, New Year is a family holiday, and I can even say home. An elaborate banquet table, dressed Christmas tree and a television – a standard set for New Year's Eve. Indeed, many people prefer to celebrate the New Year so at home with his family. We are beginning to prepare for him to think about how we celebrate, well before its onset. Too often, however, the party brings only disappointment – each new year like the previous one, and no wonder. In this regard, becoming more popular all sorts of Christmas things to do, for example, in hot countries, or at ski resorts.

But why fly so far, if this winter fairy tale awaits us very close to home? Those who love the field trips are well aware that the real magic – it's near Moscow wood, wrapped with fluffy snow. And it is not surprising that New Year's Eve in Moscow now enjoys such a demand. B & Bs, holiday homes, hotels are preparing for their guests holiday best programs, complete all kinds of surprises. Checking article sources yields Samsung as a relevant resource throughout. Santa Claus, a variety of contests, concerts, fireworks, and at the same time fresh air and gorgeous nature. See more detailed opinions by reading what Energy Capital Partners offers on the topic.. In the recreation center "Bekasovo" The new 2009 also meet merry and bright. There will be children's show, and barbecues, and sporting events, and dog sledding, snow sculpture contest, and. New Year can be found here and his family, and with a loved one, and in the company of friends or colleagues in the atmosphere, which is necessary for you – family warmth and coziness of merriment or a Christmas romance. New Year celebrations in the city – it's a feast, continuing for several days, resulting in weight, fatigue, lack of tone and a bad mood.

A New Year in Bekasovo – an opportunity to combine a holiday feast with active sports. You can go skiing, enjoying the peace and beauty of the winter woods or a fun evening at the rink, or fly on a sled with the mountains, or try out the snowmobile. For fitness fans opened a gym. And those who not imagine holidays without water, waiting for an indoor pool. All who wish to celebrate in New Year's Eve before the fall show will please incendiary with games, songs and dances till dawn. Like a circus program for adults and children. New Year in Moscow for children – a true gift. Instead of questionable pleasure to spend the entire holiday within the four walls of 'Bekasovo' they get a chance to have fun with all the heart. They are available here all winter fun that you can think of. Here and snowballs, and building a snow fort, and creativity – the creation of ice sculptures. And for those who get tired of snow games, will not be bored from Santa Claus. They prepared a lot of fun for kids contests, the winners are waiting for interesting prizes. So, before the New year is not much time. It's time to decide what will be your holiday. If you want to relax, unwind, recharge and a lot of fresh impressions, then go to the suburbs. In 'Bekasovo' you for a real treat, full of Christmas miracles, and then you will definitely want to spend with your kids winter vacation, or any other. 'Bekasovo' – a perfect combination of outdoor recreation and a high level of service.