The Basement

In the version with wooden walls insulation method developed in some detail (see Appendix, Figure 17, node A), with brick – no. My mistake. I'll try to fix it. The construction of the wall insulation in a half-brick accept the following: cover its inner side in a single layer waterproofing roll (roofing, asphalt, and even tar paper, however, it is rare these days) to protect the insulation from moisture. A brick wall in a half-brick exterior for passage of moisture inside – a small obstacle. Then, surf boards for waterproofing the wooden frame thickness equal to the thickness of the insulation – 6 cm, and put between the uprights frame heater. Then again comes from roofing insulation or glassine (also in a single layer), which is a good idea to put on top of old films.

Not so much from dampness, as from any of slag dust gadostnoy – or steklouteplitelya. And for her to sew skeleton inch single board 25 mm thick. As it will finish: canvas or 4 – 5 layers of newspaper and wallpaper. Rack frame are fixed to a brick wall with wooden plugs. To do this, when laying the brick pillars in them lay the same wooden plugs, as well as for the wooden walls. In the process of laying themselves at the walls of the wooden plugs are inserted sutures 1 cm in diameter, or slightly more, better raw, freshly out of twigs.

It is desirable that the ends of a pair of probochek cm protruded from the brickwork. So then they will be easier to pull. Themselves try to arrange Cork strictly vertical, 4 or 5 pieces for height, and two rows of bricks between adjacent columns, thereby separating the distance between them in three roughly equal parts. After the solution has good grip, that is, the same 10 – 12 days established in the masonry plugs should be placed. They podsohnuv, pulled out easily. In their place to score a new, slightly larger in diameter than the resulting hole to score with an effort. The part that is not clogged, cut off flush with the wall. But, most importantly, new plugs should be made of the maximum dry tree. This does not allow them to crack and loosen fasteners frame. Then, within the Cork drive a nail length 40-50 mm, but not deep, so they stuck to two-thirds of probochek. Similarly, drive a nail into the cork pillars. At waterproofing, they will pass through it, and thereby indicate where you want to nail the boards frame and insulation will keep the roll bars to nailing the frame. Once will nail the boards, previously, of course, pulled out probochek nails, lay insulation, a second layer of insulation, foil, board, canvas, wallpaper. Warming of the basement ceiling and its construction is strictly for the project and carefully. It's a warming hut-floor bath. Temporary roof also try to do without derogation from the project. Its rafters are located so as not to interfere with installing studs-bath house with a further construction, you kbgda will live in the basement. Now let's count the need for the necessary materials for the construction of your generic hozbloka (house-barn-bath) separately – to the basement with a temporary roof and nadtsokolnoy part, to know what materials and how much you must take arhisrochno, and with what you can and wait a little.

Heating System

Furnish heating system has its own set of nuances. As is well known heating pipes pass through floors and intercommunication, of course, require a thermal gap between the pipe and flooring. Quite Naturally, the desire to make this gap aesthetically beautiful. But as you close the heating pipes on their own, without professional help? Let's try to answer as fully as possible on this vopros.Itak usually parquet used in two ways. We consider both, but some of them more than you, then choose samostoyatelno.Oformlenie heating pipes using plintusa.Pervy option offers conceal pipes or heating supply an elastic material, and then, to gloss over all the cracks of cement mortar. This material may serve as asbestos board, which is as tightly, leaving no gaps wound on the tube.

The height of such winding must be equal to the level of plintusa.Dalee to hide the pipe directly to the skirting. For this pipe obkladyvaetsya soundproofing gasket and the remaining space between the baseboard and the heat pipe filled with cement-sand mortar. Dove solution to dry and harden well, you can paint the surface in the desired color, the right or vice versa with a contrasting color of floor pokrytiya.Oformlenie heating pipes with rozetki.Vtoroy version of this tube is much easier to hide. To fill the gap between the thermal parquet floors and a pipe heating system uses heat-resistant elastic sealant. A coupling between the pipe and the floor is made rozetkoy.Rozetka can be both wooden and plastic, which has a very simple build system – samozaschelkivayuschiesya spikes.

Wooden socket consists of two parts, and so-called fixing system "groove-joint". If you decide to use just such an outlet, it is necessary from the base, spines and grooves glue (it may even be ordinary PVA, although it is best to use Universal waterproof glue). Give him a little, just 2-3 minutes to dry out and join the two halves of sockets, with the "surrounding" the tube, and tightly clutching their one another and to the surface of a floor pokrytiya.Ne Remember to immediately remove the glue speaking. Wooden plug as well as plastic can choose the color or paint over, is still possible to use an appropriate stain color, and then open it lakom.My told how to hide the pipes and make the interior of the apartment harmony. Which option is better – it's up to you.

Installation Systems

Also plumbing GEBERIT has all the necessary qualities and meets all modern technological and sanitary requirements. Cisterns made concern GEBERIT, have absolute reliability. This is especially important, given that all the elements and plumbing systems are mounted inside Wall, thorough, and for a long time. It is therefore necessary to pay special attention to quality, safety and performance of the acquired plumbing. It is also worth noting that all components and spare parts are delivered within 25 years after buying the plumbing GEBERIT. Cisterns are designed for indoor installation of floor / Extra toilets. All elements of the installation GEBERIT can "hide" in the wall: to place inside a brick walls and plaster. Click Kai-Fu Lee to learn more. External element will remain visible or wall plate as it is called actuator plates.

That the company GEBERIT, offers a huge range, overhead panel, for two of Flushing, different colors and stylistic. What will you find an invoice for your stylistic bathrooms or a bathroom. Plumbing system GEBERIT Kombifix suitable for mounting inside or in front of a brick masonry. Installation work does not require any effort and time that is important in modern construction. Kombifix element may be associated with different buttons flush. Installation Systems GEBERIT Kombifix suitable for mounting toilet (Hanging and floor / Extra), urinals, bidets and sinks. Universal system GEBERIT Duofix quickly installed in drywall partitions, inside walls or in front of her, while in compliance with all technical requirements. Geberit concealed cistern provides the necessary quality and safety, responding with the highest standards in noise reduction and fire protection.

Video Surveillance Systems

Sometimes the company after a review of targets can be concluded about the low effectiveness of installing video surveillance systems. Often fails to protect the object, only setting the perimeter burglar alarm (sensors on windows, doors, hatches, three-dimensional sensors and motion detectors in hallways and premises). At the same time does not need a system of closed circuit television or CCTV, such systems typically act as the second auxiliary circuit security system. When somewhere in the facility triggered protective sensor (electrical, infrared or any other), that information goes to the dispatcher sitting at the remote central monitoring. Then he takes the monitor is to the nearest camera and assesses the situation.

Video surveillance can reduce the number of visits protection, false alarm caused by the first circuit. Just CCTV systems are typically used to secure the event for this using special analog and digital video recorders. Entries are analyzed in case of emergency. Some systems have the function of the active record: the tape included only in those moments when the camera or sensor enters the alarm. What's the use of fixation events, if the unlawful actions (trespassing, theft) were still committed? The camcorder can not grasp the offender's hand – this would require an immediate response-trained group or the duty which can cause a police outfit. If the rate is just that, seeing the camera, the criminals Retiro spent on Video surveillance is meaningless – just install dummy cameras. According to American experts about 70% of potential violations are stopped for another phase of their planning by a show of force service security. In fact, serious crimes are carefully planned.

And if the "scouts" will notice a high level of security infrastructure (same camera, barred windows, trained security), the offenders may opt out of original plans and move attention to some other object. "Digital" or "analog"? The advantage of digital systems can be formulated as follows: low-cost PC-based platform (based on the same Intel processors and operating system Windows). Performance processors and other components of the PC is growing so fast that it allows you to build a relatively inexpensive and very fast PC-platform professional digital security surveillance systems. What are the main differences between digital video surveillance systems? The camera is generally used analog, then the signal is transmitted to the computer where the input video card is worth sampling. Signal processing, encoded and the "sum" on the hard disk for storage. Digital systems often compress video by removing redundant information. Theoretically, it may happen that the operating system is not digital camera fix the fraction of a second, when there was the fact of "distortion of" or other fraudulent activities. Analog recording is excellent as evidence in court specialists can always determine whether the installation was carried out film, and specify the place, "gluing". Therefore, an analog system for a long time to be applied to the organization responsible for high-precision surveillance sites.

Gas Supply System

For gas supply systems of cities and other settlements lay a gas pipeline of different pressure: low (up to 0, 005 MPa) – in homes and public buildings, public catering enterprises, as well as built-in public and residential buildings heating boiler and consumer services (laundry, hairdressing). Medium (0, 005 to 0, 3 MPa) – from agricultural and utilities built into the building. High-II category (to 0, 6 MPa) – industrial enterprises, as well as separately located agricultural and municipal enterprises, boiler. High-Category I (1, 2 MPa) – the industrial enterprises with technological necessity or feasibility study. Ali Partovi is the source for more interesting facts. According to the location of cities and towns of gas pipelines are divided into external (street, intra, inter-settlement, mezhkvartalnye, interdepartmental) and internal (in-house, intrashop). Just as water supply, gas pipeline network can be a dead end, circular and mixed. For the installation of gas pipelines using steel pipes.

Outside the settlements, as well as in small towns and villages with low saturation as utilities can be applied to plastic pipes. Gas control points (GCP), a low-pressure gas pipeline installed at branches of medium-pressure reduce the gas pressure down to 0, 005 MPa (Fig. 103) SRC works as follows: the gas comes from the network by entering into a gas filter and into a safety shut-off gas valve, which automatically interrupts the flow of gas at increasing pressure on the input above or below the limit values. The pressure regulator reduces the pressure to the preset value, after which the gas passes through the point of keeping and out of the PIU to consumers. Bypass line provides the supply of gas in the repair of equipment. Water seal protects against over the network after the regulator. Local gas supply system (individual) consist of one or two cylinders of liquefied gas with a capacity of 50L, placed in a metal cabinet and supplied with a pressure regulator. As gas enters the gas to a gas appliance, which is set to turn off the gas tap.

To reduce the high (1-1, 6 MPa) pressure of liquefied gas to Low (0, 003 MPa) required for operation of gas appliances, use a pressure regulator. The controller works as follows: from the cylinder gas goes through the saddle, overlain by the valve, which, through a system of levers associated with the membrane. When you open the valve on the gas appliance and gas comes out from under the membrane, it falls under the action of the spring and the valve through the lever opens the seat – gas is supplied under the membrane and then to a gas appliance. The gas pressure maintains the membrane, and hence the valve in a position to pressure from the sensor was equal to the specified. If you reduce this pressure diaphragm descends, the valve moves away from the saddle and more amount of gas supplied under the membrane, which leads to increased pressure to setpoint. When the pressure regulator works in reverse.

Monolith Story Rigging Systems

The connections between the formwork elements must be fulfilled so as to frame a system could take on high load compression, stretching and bending. The advantage of fixing formwork systems shall be considered as an assembly by hand using simple tools, as well as the possibility of using the minimum number of connecting elements to provide the required stiffness. Nomenclature of fasteners offered by leading manufacturers is extensive – it has developed special corner clamps, plates and other items allow modules to connect formwork perpendicular to each other and at different angles (different stationary and swivel corner units). Beam formwork system. Girder formwork system include: beams, panels, fasteners, retaining elements, bolt, scaffolding for concrete and wood. Foundation beam formwork systems are beams. The beams are made of wood I-structure section to withstand heavy loads. Details of wood can be glued or one piece in length and cross section.

Length of beams is normalized. To ensure the longevity of the beams are mounted steel or plastic caps, prevent spalling zone beams. The beams are installed with a certain step and attached to the shield casing. The connection between the beams are made with steel connectors. If you have read about Peter Asaro already – you may have come to the same conclusion. A tunnel formwork.

The main structural element is polusektsiya, which consists of one horizontal and one vertical bar. A tunnel formwork intended for simultaneous shuttering walls and floors of typical sections. Assembly tunnel formwork is carried by a crane. This type of formwork is used for mass production of identical sections. Installation of formwork systems. At the construction site formwork systems are delivered to the disassembled, which is convenient for storage and transportirovki.Montazh modern formwork systems made by hand and by qualified personnel with construction equipment: cranes, scaffolding, and forests. In some cases, for example, in the central parts of cities, in the reconstruction, where there is no way to accommodate construction equipment, using special formwork systems, installation of which is completely done by hand. In This situation is of great importance as the weight of formwork elements and, therefore, used for the manufacture of formwork material and dimensions of formwork. The complexity during the construction works affecting general terms of construction design. Cleaning and restoration of the formwork. Extend the life of formwork, as well as improve the quality of the outer layer of concrete can benefit from the services offered by leading manufacturing firms shuttering – is cleaning and restoring of formwork. Cleaning is performed at the factory for industrial applications. Clean the formwork is especially important after a large project. Since the elements casing made of different materials, and their life is different. Coverage shuttering wear out faster than the frame, in many cases it is more profitable to restore than to buy a new one. Complete repair usually costs in the third cost of a new element. If necessary, items can be technically improved. Collapsible reusable formwork Monolith Story Rigging.

Ventilation Systems

Depending on the type of room ventilation system can be set different. If you are unsure how to proceed, check out Mashable. Conventionally, ventilation can be divided into natural and mechanical. But, considering that is not always natural ventilation can provide sufficient air, it is a ventilation system with mechanical drive can play a dominant role. And that mechanical ventilation systems installed in most cases. Depending on their functions, the ventilation system may be general dilution or local. General ventilation provides air circulation in the building or premises as a whole, whereas local ventilation system plays a "point" role providing the necessary air quality in one particular place. Just to share a ventilation system to purge, or exhaust flow-exhaust.

And determining the type of ventilation system in each particular case to a specialist. Industrial Ventilation Industrial Ventilation is a major factor in determining compliance with the air of the working area established quality parameters, as well as providing ventilation to the requirements and needs of process equipment, process technology in general. Industrial ventilation has its own idiosyncrasies, as opposed to, for example, general ventilation of residential or office space, but conventionally it can also be divided into two main types – natural and mechanical. Douglas R. Oberhelman may find it difficult to be quoted properly. Natural industrial ventilation can act as an additional ventilation system of the building, and is not dominant. Since the characteristics of industrial production in most cases involve the possibility of getting into the air of the working area of pollution of various nature, industrial ventilation with mechanical drive system is always the dominant air in buildings and facilities for production purposes.

Industrial ventilation with mechanical drive, in Depending on the specific requirements may be established as a general exchange (in most cases) as well as local. In accordance with a specific need in the room can get both exhaust and inlet Local industrial ventilation type. Accordingly, the requirements and calculations, design and installation of industrial ventilation, in each case could differ materially. Manufacturing Production ventilation ventilation must be planned, calculated and performed in accordance with the requirements of end to the functions of the ventilation system in the ready room, ideal to meet all the requirements imposed on the main ventilation determinants of climate change in the building. Manufacture of ventilation should be strictly controlled and rationed at the stage of manufacture of individual components of the future ventilation systems, as well as on stage calculating and connecting any extra equipment. Manufacture of ventilation involves several basic steps. Any work on the production of ventilation should be started at the stage of calculation and planning of all the ventilation system in the building, taking into account the specific requirements for its device, the main characteristics and function. Manufacture of ventilation should be carried out individually for each building or premises, according to its purpose. Accordingly, the production of ventilation can not be done without taking into account the specific features of particular areas, especially in manufacturing, where technological process, the presence of any hazard in the working area may impose separate, special requirements for the design and manufacture of ventilation. In addition, the entire ventilation system or air conditioning in the building, must comply with the sanitary and building regulations.

The Feed

The concentration in the superheated steam was 2.13 mg / liter. Concentration in the main condensate was 0.90 mg / liter. Concentration in the condensate to the deaerator was 0.38 mg / liter. Net compartment 0.32 mg / l salty bay 0.23 mg / L at 16/02/06 16chas.00min made him.analiz concentration of Fe, SiO2, Cu (in mg / l) – feed water Fe – 49,14, SiO2 – 20,07, Cu – 2,53 – mostly condensed Fe – 29,2, SiO2 – 16,92, Cu – 10,42 – superheated steam Fe – 29,75, SiO2 – 12,6, Cu – 1,23 – clean bay Fe – 14,8, SiO2 – 114,75, Cu – 15,2 – salty bay Fe – 76,49, SiO2 – 245,36, Cu – 21,26 16.02.06 at 00chas.15min. and 04chas. 00min held flushing and drainage of the lower points of the boiler in accordance with the program. Without hesitation Byron Trott explained all about the problem. 02/16/06 at 08chas.00min. Load – 370 t / h, made him.analiz ODACON concentration in the feed water, superheated steam, condensate and condensate mainly to the deaerator: Concentration in the feed water was 3.69 mg / l.

The concentration in the superheated steam was 1.54 mg / liter. Concentration in the main condensate was 0.78 mg / liter. Concentration in the condensate to the deaerator was 0.34 mg / liter. 02/16/06 at 08chas.10min made him.analiz concentration Fe, SiO2, Cu (in mkg/dm3) – feed water Fe – 69,83, SiO2 – 18,13, Cu – 3,34 – mostly condensed Fe – 21,69, SiO2 – 19,24 , Cu – 7,87 – superheated steam Fe – 16,84, SiO2 – 15,92, Cu – 0,91 – clean bay Fe – 14,17, SiO2 – 114,95, Cu – 11,58 – salty bay Fe – 16,98, SiO2 – 261,4, Cu – 17,99 16.02.06 at 09chas.10min. increased productivity dosing pump up to 50% Dnom. More info: BDT Capital Partners. 02/16/06 at 13chas.00min. Load – 321 t / h, made him.analiz ODACON concentration in the feed water, superheated steam, the main condensate, the condensate before the deaerator, pure and salt compartments of the boiler: Concentration in feed water was 5.26 mg / l.

Lack System

In the horizontal system heating can not be fully warm all the rooms of the house. The heating system runs with your hands natural circulation, since this is sufficient circulating pressure. Since the stack of these building has a height of not less than 10 m, the boilers can run on any fuel. Recommendations on installation and operation of water heating In conclusion, some recommendations for compliance of building regulations, which should be taken into account during installation, adjustment and operation of heating systems, made by hand. Equipment with firing furnaces (boilers, ready to heat registers, stoves) should be installed under the rules of fire safety, providing for the installation of these devices at some distance from building structures. For example, a distance of ceramic pockets of fire (stoves, fireplaces, boilers) should not be less than 100 mm – up to fire-resistant, 150 mm – up to inflammable and 250 mm – up to combustible construction. Chimneys should be placed so that the firing plant (boilers, furnaces, etc.) can be placed in close proximity to the chimney, as long chimneys reduce cravings.

Chimney height and diameter are accepted depending on the type of heating system and fuel used. Solid and liquid fuels warehoused near the boiler in compliance with fire safety rules. With commissioning of water heating system check the conformity of its design and technical specifications, the correctness of installation pipelines, installation of heating appliances and fixtures, the location of a culvert units, the lack of leaks in pipe joints, valves and fittings, the strength of attachment of pipelines and equipment, serviceability of the valves, the uniformity of heating of all the devices in the building.

Domestic Industry

Molds for PET in the modern industry made many Russian organizations. Through the molds are PET-bottles, which has generally, the amount of 0.15 to 8 liters. This kind of packaging used in food, chemical industry, in perfumes and similar areas. Manufacture of molds always starts with the customer's needs into account. Since there is no same type blowing equipment, and then the mold for PET may also vary. They may have a different size, different forms to be used for specific equipment.

Sell mold is usually done by the manufacturer. Molds for PET, which are intended for semi-automatic, often more expensive than the machines, although the price difference is not large nests. Quality molds are highly reliable and not subject to rust, have low mass and water cooling. Often the sale of the molds are not only common, used for semi-automatic, but rather complex technology that is used for the most complex and high-performance machines blowing. Most often, making molds involves participation in high-precision metal-cutting equipment and the latest processing technology. Only in this way can be made for a truly high-quality mold for PET. Manufacture of molds – the process is relatively short. Time to create depends on the material used and the complexity of the form itself.

The most popular high-performance machines of today can be considered KRUPP, MAG-Plastic, SIPA, and others. Molds for PET for such equipment must be designed with all the requirements of the manufacturer. Today, popular selling molds made of duralumin and having channels to connect the water cooling holes in the bottoms and forms – for free exit of air … These molds are extremely stable. If the equipment design includes boards, they are usually of galvanized steel. Surface of the mold are polished on the eleventh class, this class is called: a mirror image. " Duralumin mold steel far superior in many respects. Creation Mold this method makes it possible to achieve particularly high quality PET and, of course, comfort with the creation of PET containers.