Solar Energy

Myth 1: Solar energy is too expensive. Today's bulky solar panels are really expensive and can detect only 10% of solar energy. However, the American company First Solar plans to create 2012 new panel generation is far more subtle and more effective today. Therefore, in the hot regions of the solar energy will soon be able to compete with conventional fuels. The African countries can even export it to Europe. Myth 2: Energy Wind is unreliable.

The use of wind energy is considered to be exotic. Meanwhile, wind power generators for 40% of energy consumption and 15% of Spain – Great Britain. Some experts believe that perhaps soon up to 30% of the electricity in the world will be produced by wind energy. Myth 3: Energy surges ineffective. The powerful energy of the surf is difficult to subdue the man, especially because few structures withstand prolonged exposure to water. However, last year in Northern Ireland was launched the first surf turbine, which supplies electricity to the grid of Great Britain. A similar success stories recorded in Portugal, where the wave generators have been installed. Find out detailed opinions from leaders such as josh harris by clicking through.

Myth 4: Nuclear energy is cheap. Josh harris sixers is likely to agree. Many people believe that nuclear energy is the most effective solution. However, the construction of nuclear power plants is very costly. This is not to forget about the problem of processing and storage of nuclear waste. Myth 5: The electric cars are slow and unsightly. For those who think electric cars slow and absurd, remember that in the U.S. was sold for $ 100,000 electric sports Tesla, fast and elegant. Perhaps the end of 2008 was not the best time to showcase luxury cars, but Tesla proved that the electric car can be as good as conventional vehicles. Myth 6: biofuels bad for the environment. It is believed that biofuels will have to let the fertile soil for cultivation of special raw materials. However, experts believe that soon the technology will be created Conventional processing agricultural waste to generate energy. Myth 7: The Future of "organic" farming. Studies show that the production of 'organic' products can give not more than half the necessary food, so can not speak about a complete transition to organic agriculture. Myth 8: The construction of the "carbon-free" of concrete – the salvation of the greenhouse effect. Must Considering that the construction of homes "carbon-free" concrete costing twice as expensive than building ordinary houses, and the transition to this material in the near future is unlikely. Rather, it is necessary to focus on the organization household so as to reduce carbon emissions into the environment, as is done in Germany. Myth 9: The power must be large. Compact combined power of a new type may produce up to half of the required energy. They can be placed in ordinary homes not only provide them with electricity, and heat. Myth 10: the climate change problem must be solved with the help of high technology. High-tech road and can often create more problems, so you should look for simple ways to reduce carbon emissions into the atmosphere. An example of such a simple and cheap solution can is the use of biochar. Burning agricultural waste without air protects the environment from pollution and, at the same time, it is formed as a result of a great natural fertilizer for the soil. Original article in HealthNews

Hot Runner Technology

Structural details of specific parts of the mold. The mold consists of a large number of items that should just be connected to each other. Details mold is divided into normalized and special. Construction of normalized components of the mold can be set in advance, regardless of the design features of cast products in the mold. Recently Nicolas Keller sought to clarify these questions. Any mold in 50-95% consists of standard on the range and weight of components (normal). These details and costs range from 10 to 60% of its full value.

Fluctuations in interest depend on the design of molds, casting geometry and tool requirements production and the level of preparedness of the designer (design company) of the mold, its desires and opportunities to apply the appropriate standard items. The solution of the same technical problem in the design of the mold is almost always structurally invariant with gnezdnosti by gating system, the system of pushing, etc. To normalize the details of the mold include: Upper and lower plates of the mold; common plates, machined on all sides, suitable for the manufacture of punches, dies and shaping boards that require a large sample size; Details to mold – For guides and speakers, the Centre elements, retainers, including inserts calendars, springs, etc.); pushers and the elements to extract details from the form – Items removed from the form, double stroke Shanks, pushers of O1mm x 200mm with a thickness of tubular pushrods wall of 0.75 mm. Gap of 0.8 mm. Bearings, gears; Injection system, – bushing, hot runner injectors (nozzles), including injectors multipoint fuel injection, hot runner manifolds, filters; Control technology – heating elements, connectors, control devices and sensors, portable instrumentation; Cooling System – The connections, including stainless. . David Treadwell understands that this is vital information.

Google Android

Another event related to Microsoft: in part due to information leaks, and partly from the comments of the first persons Microsoft become more or less clear what will happen under the guise of Windows 7. Despite the similarity of the interface desperate "Seven" and Vista, Microsoft insists on absolute authenticity first. Well, soon we will be able to do and check everything: a full-featured release a beta version planned for the beginning of the year. 12. Tough times call for desperate measures to survive.

Following this statement, it is easy to understand why AMD split into two companies and took 6 billion from the Arab nvestitsionnoy company. At AMD, susceptibility to separation enthusiasm of Intel – in amazement. But who cares if AMD will continue to make cheap processors and graphics cards? 13. One of the biggest events of the mobile world – out running Google Android. And with it the first "androidfona T-Mobile G1. To celebrate, Google announced its intention to sell the remainder of 2008 1 million smartphones.

In addition, each employee received for the New Year at his G1. I wonder whether considered "intra" communicators in statotchetah company in 2008? 14. Spore and Left 4 Dead – the main igrohity the last year, will grow in popularity in the coming year. "Spore" – genetic SIM's, in which everyone can become a demiurge, at least for a couple of hours. Left 4 Dead – pereosoznat attempt (and correctly translated into life) "antizom-biynoe" multiplayer carnage. Games recommended for killing free time with pleasure. 15. DDR3 memory and USB 3.0 are the most desired technology already last year. On the first talk with a bang after the announcement of Core i7 (in This CPU controller DDRS-memory integrated directly onto the chip) and the second and final specifications at all was only towards the end of the year.

House Choice Heating Systems

Heating homes. With the advent of the heating system autumn frosts heating problem reminds himself more and more. How to heat your home to make it as comfortable as possible for housing? Fortunately, modern building market offers many options for all kinds of heating devices, among which you will surely find the best for your home. But first, take a look at how arranged, and that includes heating system. For heating private houses or flats are used, usually, two sources of heating: the main source (hydraulic fluid or heating system) and auxiliary sources (stoves, fireplaces, different types of electric heaters). Hydraulic heating system consists of several interrelated elements: a heat generator, piping, heaters and pumps. Boiler (heat generator) is more species. Read more from Dell Inc. to gain a more clear picture of the situation. Depending on the type of recycled fuel can be gaseous, liquid or solid fuel, electric or combined.

The most economical, safe and easy to use is a gas boiler. Pump in fluid heating system performs the role of "engine" and is only required in a system with forced circulation. In a system with natural circulation pump is not required – the movement of water (or other coolant) is due to differences in the density of the coolant supply and return pipe. Pick up the pipe for the heating system should be especially careful. Pipes are bred all over the house, and so they should be durable, reliable, resistant to corrosion and wear. Among the variety of pipes (steel, copper, polymer), the most suitable option for the modern apartment or house is PVC.


High technology is not standing still, every day there are more and more devices using nanoparticles. But still loves to clean, and nanotechnology is no exception. In the United States created the world's smallest brushes, whose bristles 1000 times thinner than a human hair. Used the invention in order to remove nanopyl, purify water of pollutants and the microstructure of paint. The secret of small brushes is to use nanotubes of carbon, microscopic in diameter 0.000 000 030 meters, possessing incredible strength, they are both flexible and easy to pressure by changing their shape. On the development of scientists from the Polytechnic Rensselaer Institute, explained in detail in the magazine Nature Materials.

According to the article, nanoschetkami engaged team, led by renowned scientist Pulikelem Adzhayanom, which had previously found the ability to control the process growing nanotubes. As a result, new nanoschetki were grown as toothbrushes, cotton sticks and brushes china. The new technology, like that of a normal brush, there is a wide field of application. Scientists, in a report on progress work indicated that the developed nanoschetka can sweep nanopyl, nanosovok, however, still did not have time to create, but most likely it is only a temporary annoying upuschenie.Vtoroy option proposed by the developers, it use them for painting mikrokonstruktsy. Brush, dipped in iron oxide (more commonly known as rust), engages the particles, known to all red color, which are then transferred to a clean surface. Also during the demonstration project, has been shown and another opportunity to use nano-brushes – water purification. Setae, covered with absorbent materials, act as a magnet and attract toxic silver ions from contaminated water.

There are Another possibility of nanoschetok. Due to the fact that carbon nanotubes are electrically conductive, as well as the flexibility and durability, their possible application in high power motors. According to the assumptions of developers, nanoschetki can replace conventional metal brushes in electric motors, through which electricity is transmitted to the rotating part. Dr. Anyuan Kao believes that the use nanoschetki possible in medicine, however, researchers must first make sure that the work of brushes will not harm the body, from the brush bristles should not come off, should not they fall out. If approved, you can nanoschetki be applied in medicine to cleanse the blood vessels of the body of unwanted deposits, such as veins of thrombotic compounds. Another interesting fact is that applications can be found nanoschetkam and genetics. There the possibility that nanoschetki can cling and extract specific cells and DNA viral malicious connections. This is a very interesting study, because the potential is very high nanoschetok. After all, if you can learn how to rearrange the structure of DNA, we can cure many diseases before birth. Brush, like a stone ax, was one of the earliest inventions of human labor. Age of the oldest found brush is estimated at 30 thousand years. Perhaps it once belonged to the artist, from whose light hand and brushes appear petroglyphs in caves … And now a new use of brushes, despite the microscopic size, they clean way for nanotechnology. And who knows what other interesting high-tech will see the light, if they clear him of nano-dust?

Metal Casting

The best technology end of the 20th century, improving, stayut firmly on an industrial basis, provide income and attract investment in new production, determining its competitiveness. Metallurgical processing of metals and Foundry post-Soviet space have a long tradition and solid engineering experience. Russia and Ukraine at the end of the second millennium is a leader in the production of metal castings and per capita population. Now casting production decreased by several times. Are rare scientific and technical institutions, which have retained engineering achievements, experience in implementation of competitive technologies, from design and manufacture of foundry equipment prior to delivery of home equipment to the customer with a turnkey implementation of the commissioning and development of the technology in production.

Among developed in recent decades technology in the foundry business is gaining popularity convenient technology, where a model casting means already half a casting itself. Model castings are made from expanded polystyrene, commonly called the most foam. It turns out, such as packaging of a TV, or single food dish, which have become part of our everyday life, their stamp on millions of machines and plates of polystyrene insulated exterior walls of high-rise buildings. Expanded polystyrene is to hard foams (such as bread, for example), which in physical chemistry is defined as the dispersion of gas in a solid, or more precisely, the cell-film dispersion system. In our case, the matrix is polystyrene and dispersed ("crushed" and "scattered") gas. On a similar technology (as in the production of packaging) for a series of casting models produce blowing powdered polystyrene in lightweight aluminum mold (very simple to manufacture and often multi-seat), followed by foaming and bonding of granules during the heating of molds up to 1200 C.


The sequence of operations of disassembly and assembly is given in the instruction manual (sheet) IIP and other factory documentation. By working with hydraulic MPI allowed electricians way at least the third category. Qualified personnel must know and have been successfully tested in the knowledge of regulations and policy documents for the production of track works and appropriate safety precautions (see Chapter 19), as well as documents: Safety requirements when working with oils according to GOST 20799-85, GOST 122086-85 “Hydraulic systems and bulk lubricants. General safety requirements for installation and operation “, passports and instructions (guidelines) on operation of the IIP and their special non-embedded units: manual and motorized pumps, electric motors, internal combustion engines, control and distribution equipment, appliances, etc. Installation, movement during the operation and dismantling of heavy shifter and motorized pumps to be using up-and-vehicles. Prohibited: MPI and exploit faulty pumps (Hydraulic); connect and disconnect hydraulic pump to the MPI in the presence of pressure in the latter; smoke or use open flames near the hydraulic; connect with the hydraulic motor to the mains with no neutral, neutral and earth wires; adjust and repair hydraulic under load (pressure); to work with on a raised MPI element path (load) without safety harnesses pads; strike on hydraulic machines under pressure; MPI leave with raised load without supervision; no special equipment to regulate the safety valve, as well as all other nodes with springs; increase the level of rolling course IIP ukazannogo’v more technical documentation, and designated a number of risk MPI (and other signs); raise in the process of hydraulic pressure in the hydraulic system above the maximum specified in the technical documentation; have the legs to place the possible fall cargo in ballast (feet should be at a safe distance from the track panel); be in the area of possible ejection from the jet pump oil under pressure during the activation of an emergency valve (It should protect the face and especially eyes); work with oils without special gloves or ointments to protect bare hands; get to work to guard the venue signals established order and take the signals to the full completion of the work; special prohibitions listed in the instruction manual hydraulic..

Heating System

Furnish heating system has its own set of nuances. As is well known heating pipes pass through floors and intercommunication, of course, require a thermal gap between the pipe and flooring. Quite Naturally, the desire to make this gap aesthetically beautiful. But as you close the heating pipes on their own, without professional help? Let's try to answer as fully as possible on this vopros.Itak usually parquet used in two ways. We consider both, but some of them more than you, then choose samostoyatelno.Oformlenie heating pipes using plintusa.Pervy option offers conceal pipes or heating supply an elastic material, and then, to gloss over all the cracks of cement mortar. This material may serve as asbestos board, which is as tightly, leaving no gaps wound on the tube.

The height of such winding must be equal to the level of plintusa.Dalee to hide the pipe directly to the skirting. For this pipe obkladyvaetsya soundproofing gasket and the remaining space between the baseboard and the heat pipe filled with cement-sand mortar. Dove solution to dry and harden well, you can paint the surface in the desired color, the right or vice versa with a contrasting color of floor pokrytiya.Oformlenie heating pipes with rozetki.Vtoroy version of this tube is much easier to hide. To fill the gap between the thermal parquet floors and a pipe heating system uses heat-resistant elastic sealant. A coupling between the pipe and the floor is made rozetkoy.Rozetka can be both wooden and plastic, which has a very simple build system – samozaschelkivayuschiesya spikes.

Wooden socket consists of two parts, and so-called fixing system "groove-joint". If you decide to use just such an outlet, it is necessary from the base, spines and grooves glue (it may even be ordinary PVA, although it is best to use Universal waterproof glue). Give him a little, just 2-3 minutes to dry out and join the two halves of sockets, with the "surrounding" the tube, and tightly clutching their one another and to the surface of a floor pokrytiya.Ne Remember to immediately remove the glue speaking. Wooden plug as well as plastic can choose the color or paint over, is still possible to use an appropriate stain color, and then open it lakom.My told how to hide the pipes and make the interior of the apartment harmony. Which option is better – it's up to you.

Installation Systems

Also plumbing GEBERIT has all the necessary qualities and meets all modern technological and sanitary requirements. Cisterns made concern GEBERIT, have absolute reliability. This is especially important, given that all the elements and plumbing systems are mounted inside Wall, thorough, and for a long time. It is therefore necessary to pay special attention to quality, safety and performance of the acquired plumbing. It is also worth noting that all components and spare parts are delivered within 25 years after buying the plumbing GEBERIT. Cisterns are designed for indoor installation of floor / Extra toilets. All elements of the installation GEBERIT can "hide" in the wall: to place inside a brick walls and plaster. Click Kai-Fu Lee to learn more. External element will remain visible or wall plate as it is called actuator plates.

That the company GEBERIT, offers a huge range, overhead panel, for two of Flushing, different colors and stylistic. What will you find an invoice for your stylistic bathrooms or a bathroom. Plumbing system GEBERIT Kombifix suitable for mounting inside or in front of a brick masonry. Installation work does not require any effort and time that is important in modern construction. Kombifix element may be associated with different buttons flush. Installation Systems GEBERIT Kombifix suitable for mounting toilet (Hanging and floor / Extra), urinals, bidets and sinks. Universal system GEBERIT Duofix quickly installed in drywall partitions, inside walls or in front of her, while in compliance with all technical requirements. Geberit concealed cistern provides the necessary quality and safety, responding with the highest standards in noise reduction and fire protection.

Monolith Story Rigging Systems

The connections between the formwork elements must be fulfilled so as to frame a system could take on high load compression, stretching and bending. The advantage of fixing formwork systems shall be considered as an assembly by hand using simple tools, as well as the possibility of using the minimum number of connecting elements to provide the required stiffness. Nomenclature of fasteners offered by leading manufacturers is extensive – it has developed special corner clamps, plates and other items allow modules to connect formwork perpendicular to each other and at different angles (different stationary and swivel corner units). Beam formwork system. Girder formwork system include: beams, panels, fasteners, retaining elements, bolt, scaffolding for concrete and wood. Foundation beam formwork systems are beams. The beams are made of wood I-structure section to withstand heavy loads. Details of wood can be glued or one piece in length and cross section.

Length of beams is normalized. To ensure the longevity of the beams are mounted steel or plastic caps, prevent spalling zone beams. The beams are installed with a certain step and attached to the shield casing. The connection between the beams are made with steel connectors. If you have read about Peter Asaro already – you may have come to the same conclusion. A tunnel formwork.

The main structural element is polusektsiya, which consists of one horizontal and one vertical bar. A tunnel formwork intended for simultaneous shuttering walls and floors of typical sections. Assembly tunnel formwork is carried by a crane. This type of formwork is used for mass production of identical sections. Installation of formwork systems. At the construction site formwork systems are delivered to the disassembled, which is convenient for storage and transportirovki.Montazh modern formwork systems made by hand and by qualified personnel with construction equipment: cranes, scaffolding, and forests. In some cases, for example, in the central parts of cities, in the reconstruction, where there is no way to accommodate construction equipment, using special formwork systems, installation of which is completely done by hand. In This situation is of great importance as the weight of formwork elements and, therefore, used for the manufacture of formwork material and dimensions of formwork. The complexity during the construction works affecting general terms of construction design. Cleaning and restoration of the formwork. Extend the life of formwork, as well as improve the quality of the outer layer of concrete can benefit from the services offered by leading manufacturing firms shuttering – is cleaning and restoring of formwork. Cleaning is performed at the factory for industrial applications. Clean the formwork is especially important after a large project. Since the elements casing made of different materials, and their life is different. Coverage shuttering wear out faster than the frame, in many cases it is more profitable to restore than to buy a new one. Complete repair usually costs in the third cost of a new element. If necessary, items can be technically improved. Collapsible reusable formwork Monolith Story Rigging.