Steel Structures

According to NPB 236-97, fire protection of metal is a surface treatment of metal structures with special fire retardant materials that inhibit heating of the metal and as a consequence, prevent its deformation during a fire. Michele Glaze is open to suggestions. In today's market there are many fire-proof materials materials intended for fire protection of steel structures, but the most widely-used and still are fire-retardant paints and Plastering retardants. We consider each of them. Fire-retardant paint. One of the most modern and relevant today form the material for fire protection of metal.

The action of fire retardant paint is based on intumescent effect. When reaching high temperatures, fire-retardant paint swells, forming an insulating foam layer. Fire-retardant paint is a type of thin-film coatings, the middle layer of this coating is 1-1.5 mm. and the average flow rate of 1.8-2.0 kg. The paint can withstand mechanical stress, vibration, and does not alter the configuration of the treated structure. Plus is the way of application, paint can be applied even brush or roller.

Disadvantages include only the high cost and inability to use the colors when necessary to ensure a high fire resistance. Plaster flame retardant. Given type of material applied to the metal surface with a thick layer of plaster with the help of machines. Manual application is not allowed. Coating can not withstand mechanical stress and is recommended for use only in cases where the processed metal "sutured" decorative materials. The disadvantage is the amount of raw material, which is an average of 5.10 kg. per 1 square meter, which increases the costs of the application and creates additional burden on the metal. With some flame retardants are necessary to carry out reinforcement. On the one hand it is a big plus, because in reinforcing the coating becomes more Hard on the other, it greatly complicates the process of application, as fastening to metal reinforcing mesh made by welding. The advantage of using plaster retardants is their value, they are significantly cheaper fireproof paint. It should also be noted that the use of this method of fire protection can be achieved any fire rating.


Russian manufacturers produce furniture in the light of our Slavic mentality and for this reason Russian walls are more suited to our customer. Viacom has many thoughts on the issue. For example, in your family a lot of china or crystal, or perhaps you own a collection of sporting trophies, or collecting Japanese figurines? In this case, all their wealth may be advantageous to put on display the guests. To do this you simply need a cabinet with glass doors. Otherwise, this module will be over and you do not need to buy it. A rational approach to the use of your living space needs to determine how much space you want to allocate to the bookcase or wardrobe, whether you need and how much shelf for decorative items, cabinets for audio-video equipment, shelves, windows, lights for them, etc. When buying furniture for a living, please contact the manufacturer tested by buying furniture which you and five years will be able to buy the missing module from the same collection.

In addition, major furniture brands, to market the Russian wall, a professional approach to the cutting edge DSP and processing. High quality long provide aesthetic appearance and a healthy indoor climate (for lagging edges of formaldehyde!) is also worth to pay for cable management – a special system of secret cables to devices that do not add chaos to the interior of tangling wires. Better to give preference box than the shelf with the door – much easier access to things and fit in a section of more good. There are several ways to save – without buying the racks back wall shelves from cheaper Russian chipboard qualitative edge, open shelves (they are cheaper than the price of the doors and accessories), to replace expensive closers felt stickers inside the boxes, natural wood veneer can be replaced with varnished or coated laminate, etc. All ranges and the salesman in a furniture showroom to advise you several options for accommodation details walls in your room and discuss the nuances that are worth a look. Given these recommendations, you necessarily create an atmosphere of harmony, warmth and coziness in your living room.

Garden Stone

Each selection of stones to create a large stone landscape elements should be chosen for a particular area of the landscape. It is best to use pale stones of natural colors such as light-gray fine-grained granite or lighter beige sandstone. But the stones are white, such as marble, bright red tufa boulders probably will not work. Plants, partially covering the stones and partly prostrate earth but must successfully combined with the color of stones. If you would like to know more then you should visit Peter Asaro . Too bright and beautiful stones will greatly attract attention, which is undesirable. By installing a large boulder, look at it from different sides, and place under the most advantageous angle. Sometimes, to anchor it, first dig a hole of appropriate size, and then tamped the soil under the stone. At the bottom go to sleep propped up a little gravel and other stones boulder so that it was the most stable.

Retaining wall stone wall drywall drywall – a perfect solution for green open southern sun terrace or veranda, which is raised above the ground to a height of 45-60 cm level of soil, which is adjacent to the terrace should be raised to floor level and basement stone wall, which can be placed at some distance from the building – concrete pour. On the ground in front of the structure can be planted conifers and perennials, but on the retaining wall and the foot pochvokokrovnye culture. Retaining wall thickness of a few stones are building without mortar, pieces of slate or artificial stones. The clutch operates so that front wall was a 10-degree slope toward the slope. Hear from experts in the field like Pete Cashmore for a more varied view.

Straight Tread

Twice the height of risers and width b tread a must be equal to the average person step – 2b + a = 57-64 cm is sometimes used by more than a simple calculation, the amount by which the size of the width of the treads and risers of height c must be equal to 45 cm (30 +15, 27 +18, 25 +20), ie c = a + b = 45-46 cm stairs with his hands, made on such a calculation is considered the most secure, and the formula, of course, by security. Many are so-called formula of facilities, ab = 12 cm in practice to sustain this relationship in the real world is not always possible. But we should at least strive for perfection. Let's count? To select the width Tread use an example. When descending the stairs adult puts his foot so that the toe hangs over the rounded front part of the tread. If the overhang is small, the level considered safe and what is level, the higher the risk of slipping off her. In practice, it is clear that the width of the tread are best taken within 28-30 cm, but not menee25.

The height of the risers to make better ot14 to 17 cm but not exceeding 20 cm If you do not allow for the size in terms of increase the width of the stage, deceive the situation – set-depth risers, ie increase the overhang above the stair risers. In some cases you can do without risers. The open space under the stairs, and in this case would not be necessary in a flight of stairs from the bottom sheet set. Contact information is here: Pete Cashmore. Although, in this version will trim level and still below (sanding, painting). In stairways with zabezhnymi steps in turning part for convenience Use and safety of her step width in the middle of the march should be equal to the width of the straight steps.

Robust Logs

Log home living in harmony with the seasons. For other opinions and approaches, find out what Ali Partovi has to say. For example, believed that before the onset of winter in a large house stands out even a few cubes of water. Samsung Electronics can aid you in your search for knowledge. We should carefully consider the protection of logs and try to find the suitable coating, or navigate the wide selection of different colors or preservatives. And what is covered log house? Or no paint! Anyone who wants to expose their log house to the natural bloom, leave it without the cover. However, the gradual transformation of the hoary old lasts at least 10-20 years. The surface is and will remain dozens, maybe even hundreds of years. In choosing the traditional antiquity, however, there is one big 'but'.

In case of insufficient length of the gutter is less than 90-120 cm, the logs are a variety of harmful stress. The logs are graying caused by UV radiation of the sun, and in particular the damaging effects of moisture. That moisture causes the most problems. It leads to swelling and drying shrinkage to return, logs and take the stress crack. In addition, moisture creates an excellent foundation for the emergence of fungi mildew, rot and blue so antiseptic used for lumber. The need to protect the logs on the coast and increases the spacious fields, where the characteristic horizontal rain. Is also important aspect of light, such as loading from the sun on the south side five times the effect of sunlight on the north side of the building.

Water vapor transmission – is the motto in the selection area! The proposed option for reliable protection of timber wealth. Importantly first of all to pick up materials that, ideally, absorb moisture and inside and outside, or at least pass water vapor from inside the tree. Dense paint covers the walls inside the moisture and leads to destruction of the structure. While most manufacturers to protect the logs from the blue already in the factory, the concept of protection is the padding, and then topcoat.

Magnetite Steel System

In our country, recently appeared cabinets coupe, which are becoming more popular, thanks to a number of positive points in comparison to his grandmother's closet. But these advantages can save the area occupied by them. In the wall plug is inserted into a special box and sliding the device, thanks to him they will not touch each other and clapping. The base cabinet compartment is an aluminum or steel frame, manufactured by special technologies and have exceptional quality. There are lots of specialized systems that – slim, standard, deluxe, magnetite, lapis lazuli, agate and sapphire, which make the plants Komandor. More slim profile system has a slim, it is characterized by low cost, which is achieved by changing technology. For more information see this site: Pete Cashmore. Magnetite Steel system is more affordable analog aluminum Lapis.

Such a system would allow diversify the interior. This system is very original and as a consequence of this particular movie was made of an alloy of zinc and aluminum on the outside covered with a layer of zinc. This profile is not applied protivososkalzyvayuschee adaptation, since it was replaced by a new development in which the lower roller wheel is on a spring fan, resulting in the displacement of the door rail is oppressed to warn them vyskalzyvanie.Pomimo direct appointment door profile magnetite can be used also as interior partitions. In the aluminum system uses a new design Lapis pens. Efficient and enjoyable version of luxury. Videos, performed on the bearings, ensures smooth and gentle glide and carry enough load. The design uses sturdy metal profiles made of steel with the design protective and decorative coating.

The system provides full Komandor reliability, since the technology uses a special protecting film, an impact which does not allow to break the mirror, at least, it just crack. Cabinet door coupe can otdekorirovat is fashionable and beautiful. When decorating uses such as varieties of finishing fusing, sand blasting, frosting, facets, and is a mixture of styles. Help visually enlarge the space mirror doors, mirrors increases due to room lighting. This is very useful for the hall, which often lack natural light.


In 48 countries around the world produce about 220 companies aerated cellular concrete. Of these methods the company ‘siporex’ – 33 companies ‘Hebel’ – 29 ‘Selkon’ – 7 ‘Itong’ – 42 ‘Kilsiloks’ – 15 plants, and so on. The most common type companies working on how these companies have annual capacity of 160-200 thousand m3. In some states hold its own work and methods, which along with the licensing function in plants Based on its own domestic production of aerated concrete techniques. For other opinions and approaches, find out what has to say. These techniques vary a lot, usually means grinding, molding the mixture and cutting the porous arrays on the product desired size. In a series of number of factories of reinforced cellular concrete products is 80-85% and actually produced a full set of materials for the building of aerated concrete, especially for low-rise building. Aerated concrete produced by the cutting technique with high precision the dimensions of the final products of aerated concrete, which are extensively used in industrial, residential, agricultural construction. This high accuracy of geometric sizes of aerated concrete building products can only be achieved by scrupulous observance of the technological scheme for each, without exception, redistribution and increased accuracy of the cutting operation of the equipment.

Precision manufacturing of building materials from aerated at the same conditions due to various technical solutions for cutting equipment, and most importantly the thickness and length of cutting string. In Technology companies ‘Grayzel’, ‘Verhan’, ‘Itong’ before cutting to required size gas silicate blocks aerated array edge to 90 degrees (with form) on the side of a form or a pre-driven by a third party board-pan, it aerated array of moves to cut further to the heat and humidity treatment and storage products. The technology firms ‘Dyuroks-Kalsilos’ and ‘Hebel’ porous removed from the raw form, carries a special aggregate from the surface of the bottom wall forms at the cutting plane of the unit, cut, then the lattice pallet is sent to the autoclave processing and storage products. According to the method of ‘siporex’ withdrawn from aerated raw form on the lattice is cut into pan products, after which the side faces form dipped at the previous place, the pallet with raw silicate is sent to the autoclave process. Autoclaving performed in blind-through autoclaves and diameter 2.4-2.8 m, length about 50 m at a pressure of not less than 1.0 MPa. In these schemes, production and other foreign companies are the final product is sent to the buyer in packed.

Packaging is done, most often in shrink-wrap or bags, then they are fixed with metal or synthetic strips. Aerated concrete is usually performed with a density of 400-700 kg/m3 and durability silicate blocks in compression of at least 2.0-5.0 MPa. When shipping to the client moisture products from cellular concrete is about 20-25 percent by weight. Abroad, in the manufacture of silicate products used mixtures, usually with vodotverdym ratio (B / T), about 0,50-0,65. The above-listed companies have accumulated rich experience in the use of products from cellular concrete in the construction industry. Masonry walls and partitions, using reinforced aerated concrete blocks made with glue or mortar.

Bedroom Colors

Green hues identified with spring, freshness, promote relaxation, but their emotional restraint requires the active support warm colors. Beautiful combinations are obtained with a combination of pale shades with rich, saturated color and light. Recently Mashable sought to clarify these questions. Yellow gamma warms and enlivens the room, but the vast surface of yellow, it is recommended to refresh fragments of other saturated colors. Orange color in the bedroom better than soften, combining with a cool blue-gray tone, or you can experiment with its pastel shades. It is believed that red "Braces", but in a bedroom hard to wake up. Better to use red colors as a slight accent. Bedroom in red will put pressure on the psyche, and the presence of red color in the wallpaper or curtains will help recuperation after a hard day. Violet is deep and expressive, especially when combined with a gentle yellow or green background.

Ascetic black-and-white gamma is actively used in popular minimalist stylization. However, the best solution for the bedroom are shades of light tones: for example, shades of white, reminiscent of melted milk, or soft gray, approaching to the color of linen. White color of the walls is associated with hospital corridors, and the white ceiling would be appropriate. Important role in the decoration of the bedroom is textiles, especially since the decoration of the fabric as desired can be easily replaced. Home textile theme bedroom related to the design of the windows and beds and windows (curtains photos). The surface of the walls and the floor is in this case, the background: solid-color walls are in harmony with colorful cloths saturated colors; risunchatye wallpapers or multicolored carpet, on the contrary, combined with the monochrome textiles.

Laying Sandstone

In order for your work with natural materials to please you with their appearance for a long time and accurately, you need to properly comply with the technology for laying natural stone, in this case sandstone. In the first stage necessary to prepare the very foundation. It may consist of concrete, granite, slag, compacted gravel, asphalt or other material having a solid crystal lattice. The main thing is that the ground was firm and stable, not was prone to deformation. The choice of the base and its size is directly dependent on future loads on the stone itself and from the intersection of the soil. In preparing the base, it is cleared of debris and obstructions, then are submitted marks the level of cladding on the surface, which should correspond to your project. Then proceed to the preparation of cement-sand mortar, which should match the brand the M150.

Immediately after application adhesive solution onto the surface, you need to start laying the stone. Since the installation must be completed prior to the time when the adhesive grasp. Now the big moment – it is laying sandstone for the adhesive solution thickness should be within 2-3 inches. For those areas where increased traffic, that is, areas with high traffic of people used the stone thickness of 2 centimeters. If this is the area where it is assumed use of different techniques, which can include heavy and, in this case the thickness of the stone should be somewhere around 4 inches.

The thinnest stone used for facing facades of buildings and houses, as well as in residential premises. Typically, the thickness is okolo1-2 inches. For more securely attached to the vertical surface of sandstone, using reinforced mesh with cells of 15 to 15 centimeters and a thickness of 4-6 mm rod or drilled holes and insert the valve on the distance between the rod about 50 centimeters over the entire area treated surface. When facing facades of houses and buildings to improve the quality of the glue, it is recommended to add a special construction adhesive, such as Cerezit in our cement-sand mortar. To comply with the technology necessary to dent the stone in a layer of adhesion to the base. The final stage of stone cladding sandstone is the grout joints. When installing pavements, sidewalks and other road surfaces should be to take this very seriously, because this stage is very important. Grout produces a spatula. The distance between blanks should not exceed 1 centimeter. If part of an adhesive solution penetrated the sandstone, it is not recommended to remove it with a damp cloth, because the solution is not completely removed and remains a blur. To avoid this need give him time to dry out somewhere in the 50 per cent. Then delete the drops of solution with a spatula, and wipe the place clean, dry cloth. When the lined surface is completely dry, it should be swept away adhesive residue with a broom and wash running water. Products sandstone is very diverse. There are products made of sandstone, which are high-precision processing. They are more expensive, but this technology allows the liner without seams. Correct choice of material that you need, professional installation, as well as the implementation of all recommendations for operation and maintenance – to keep all these conditions, your veneer of sandstone is always attractive, long-lasting and showy.

Structural Wood

Antiseptic – a key means of protection of wood. Logs and planks of wood freshly cut – an excellent environment for the spread of blue stain, which affects most of the construction of such material. Antiseptics for wood – created for the protection of such misfortunes. Wood protection from moisture penetration difficulties parasites and harmful bacteria in the logs and planks contribute substances contained in liquids and antiseptics – Biosecurity for the tree. Diluted in water, antiseptic, treats fully impregnate the wood substance, then it has excellent protection from blue for up to 7 months (depending on the brand and manufacturer).

Before you process the material substance, it must be carefully examined. If traces of pests, this is the place to immediately handle the specialized staff, which is directed against beetles. The construction can begin only after the examination boards and logs. But protection of the material does not stop there. To handle absolutely all the wooden structures, ladders, doors, window sills.

Part of the building located in the vicinity of the soil or in soil, yield the greatest adverse effects. For this kind of wooden parts must use the most persistent antiseptic. Protecting wood from the fire when all the elements building protected from moisture, it is necessary to think about protection from fire. Mostly a nightmare for the owners of the houses is a fire, as a matter of minutes burns that kopilos and built for years, and has been put in a lot of money. Protection of wood to be used in the construction of the building, must necessarily involve the processing of flame retardants. For material that is under the greatest exposure to high temperatures used fire wood impregnation with the highest level of protection. For the remaining logs and planks will fit the usual way. Protective and decorative wood processing wood protection coatings performed different types, which may have additional fire and Bioprotective function. The shape of the structure can be changed by means of protective and decorative. It all depends on your imagination, can turn into a pine nut, oak or beech. Any such structure, creating on the surface of wood, water-repellent film, the protection of the tree increases, the negative factors of the climatic conditions are reduced. Another use of these compounds increases the resistance solar radiation and protects against severe temperature changes. In that case, if the tree is the main material for construction, agents for its treatment should be as environmentally friendly. Otherwise you'll spoil very high ecological wood. For staining, can also cause even a careful treatment of the material. To eliminate such stains, use special compounds that have the ability to brighten or darken the wood. About medicinal substances that reduce the area of damage of the material – and do not forget.