Visual Impairment And Fine Motor Skills

Correction of touch and fine motor skills in children with visual impairment. Many children with visual impairment have a low level of tactile sensitivity and motility of fingers and hands. It happens because children with partial vision loss rely on visual guidance and do not realize the role of touch as a means of substitution failure of visual information. Because of the absence or drastic reduction of children can not spontaneously imitate others take on different objective-practical actions, as occurs in normalnovidyaschih children. Because of the small muscles in the arms of motor activity of children with visual impairment are slack or too tight. All this hinders the development of tactile sensation and motor function of hands and a negative impact on shaping the material and practical activities for children. The purpose of correctional studies on the development of fine motor skills is to develop in children with impaired vision and skills tactile perception of objects and phenomena of the world, as well as teaching them the methods perform object-action with intact analyzers.

Development of tactile and fine motor skills should be addressed not only to special classes, but also in secondary classes. Mastering the techniques of tactile perception of objects and the ability to perform action with the participation of tactile-motor analyzer is given to children with impaired ability to accurately represent most objects and space, that allows them to be more active, inquisitive in the game and socialize. Classes are held individually or with a subgroup of the group depending on the development of tactile sensitivity and hand movements, as well as content classes.