United Nations Programme

Increased access to land and forest management has enabled best practices for prevention and suppression of fires in the African country, while that in North America community activities to control fires have been very successful. In Spain, one of the countries hardest hit by this problem during the summer, the group of supermarket and hypermarket Eroski and WWF have launched an information campaign and public awareness to consumers of the distribution company. However, the FAO recommends that each country analyze their situation in relation to fires and develop a strategy to prevent and manage such disasters. In many countries, local communities are unable by themselves to control large fires, so it requires the intervention of state or national agencies, such as the implementation of laws against arsonists. Climate change and poverty accentuate the problem Scientists believe that climate change due to emissions of gases that produce the greenhouse effect, may promote the increase of forest fires.

You only have to look like El Nino, a natural climate fluctuation, in some years leads to the spread of large fires. This situation affects countries with high biodiversity, such as Central and South African states, Brazil, Russia, China, Greece, Australia, Indonesia, Australia and Spain (the country European higher biodiversity). In the case of tropical rain forests (areas of the world considered “hot spots” of mega-biodiversity), the World Watch Institute ensures that the ecosystem is not fit for the fire. In this way the effects of large fires in the forest made to clear the ground for extensive livestock farming or eliminate any possibility of regeneration of forests in the coming centuries. This situation occurs constantly in Latin America, where most forest fires occur in poor rural areas where small proprietors lack the technology to control fires and use fire as easy and inexpensive tool in their farming practices. The fire is used to clear land for agriculture or human settlements to establish them, or to improve the pasture for livestock. Fires are also used to clear areas for hunting. United Nations organizations, such as the United Nations Programme on Environment (UNEP), FAO, call on developed countries and greater technology and expertise to address the problem of forest fires, as the case of U.S. or European Union states to cooperate with the countries of South transferring their knowledge to help prevent the world’s forest area is reduced over time to smoke and ashes.